Artist Andy Warhol created the most celebrated pop art work of all time … it is called “Campbell Soup Can.” It is a collection of 32 canvases that measure 20 inches by 16 inches. He uses the non-traditional style of printmaking with acrylic-based paints. The images explore depth and texture possibilities.
Andy Warhol was the most successful and highly paid commercial illustrator in New York. Nevertheless, his screenprinted images of Marilyn Monroe, soup cans, and sensational newspaper stories, quickly became synonymous with Pop art.
He emerged from the poverty and obscurity of an Eastern European immigrant family in Pittsburgh, to become a charismatic artist who found a place in the circles of High Society. He brought popular styles and subjects into the exclusive salons of high art. His elevation represented a new kind of fame and celebrity for a fine artist.
Robert Motherwell was the youngest and possibly most influential of a group of artists that included Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko and Willem de Kooning. The group renounced the prevalent American style of the 1940s for abstract expressionism.
Motherwell also contributed to art journals and his writings are considered a source for those who want to learn more about non-representational art. American Abstract Expressionist painter, active also as editor, writer and teacher. Born in Aberdeen, Washington. He studied painting briefly at California School of Fine Arts, San Francisco, in 1932, then took a degree in philosophy at Stanford University 1932-6.
After philosophy studies at other universities, moved in 1940 to New York to study art history at Columbia University. Turned increasingly to painting, became friendly with Matta and the other Surrealists then living in New York, and decided in 1941 to become a professional painter.
In the autumn of 1923, Rothko found work in New York’s garment district. While visiting a friend at the Art Students League of New York, he saw students sketching a model. According to Rothko, this was the beginning of his life as an artist.
Rothko’s move to New York established him in a fertile artistic atmosphere. Modernist painters were having more shows in New York galleries all the time, and the city’s museums were an invaluable resource to foster a budding artist’s knowledge and skills.
Despite his fame, Rothko felt a growing personal seclusion and a sense of being misunderstood as an artist. He feared that people purchased his paintings simply out of fashion and that the true purpose of his work was not being grasped by collectors, critics, or audiences.
Roy Fox Lichtenstein
He was an American pop artist during the 1960s, along with Andy Warhol and Jasper Johns. Lichtenstein became a leading figure in the new art movement and his work defined the essence of pop art through the use of parody and the comic strip. Popular advertising and the comic book style had a great influence on his work.
Drowining Girl (shown here) is one of his most famous works. It features bold colors, thick outlines, and something called Ben-Day dots, making it similar to photographic reproductions. Roy Lichtenstein was considered an “Abstract Expressionist” along with artists like Jackson Pollack. Abstract expressionists put things down on the canvas then respond to the color positions and sizes they created.
Lichtenstein attended the Franklin School for Boys, a private junior high and high school, and was graduated in 1940. That summer he studied painting and drawing from the model at the Art Students League of New York with Reginald Marsh. In September he entered Ohio State University (OSU) in Columbus in the College of Education. His early artistic idols were Rembrandt, Daumier and Picasso, and he often said that Guernica(1937; Museo Reina Sofía, Madrid), then on long-term loan to the Museum of Modern Art, was his favorite painting.
Even as an undergraduate, Lichtenstein objected to the notion that one set of lines (one person’s drawings) “was considered brilliant, and somebody’s else’s, that may have looked better to you, was considered nothing by almost everyone.”i Lichtenstein’s questioning of accepted canons of taste was encouraged by Hoyt L. Sherman, a teacher whom he maintained was the person who showed him how to see and whose perception-based approach to art shaped his own.
Roy Lichtenstein Foundation | 739 Washington Street | New York, NY 10014 | firstname.lastname@example.org
Kenneth Noland lead the Color Field movement which was one of the most hypnotic art trends of the 20th century. When he started this art movement with acrylics, people took notice. He lead the Washington Color School movement of the 60’s in Washington DC. Noland focused on depictions of chevrons, striped canvases and circles. He was fixated with the overall power that the edge of a canvas has.
The late critic Hilton Kramer once wrote of Noland, “An art of this sort places a very heavy burden on the artist’s sensibility for color, of course—on his ability to come up, again and again, with fresh and striking combinations that both capture and sustain our attention, and provide the requisite pleasures.”
Kenneth Noland learned color from Josef Albers he learned theory from the paintings of Paul Klee. He represented the United States in the 1964 Venice Biennale and throughout his life he experimented with the same forms he was noted for.
Helen Frankenthaler made some very significant marks in her day. They came as drips and splatters. They came as stains and blots.
According to The Phillips Collection: “In 1963 she began using acrylic paint as opposed to turpentine-thinned oil, resulting in the expansion of form and the production of bolder, more saturated colors. Canyon of 1965, painted in acrylic, exemplifies Frankenthaler’s paintings of the 1960s as it flows out from a boldly colored center, in this case red.”